If you’ve ever noticed ice collecting on your heat pump, you may be wondering what causes this and how to prevent it. Heat pumps are designed to transfer heat from one place to another, but in some cases, this process can actually cause ice to form.

There are a few things you can do to manage heat pump ice build-up, like  regular maintenance or upgrading your system. You should also be aware of the signs that ice build-up is damaging your heat pump so you can take action quickly if necessary. Here’s what to know.

Indicators of Ice In Your Heat Pump

If your heat pump is working overtime without properly heating your home, ice may be to blame. Other signs of ice build-up include strange noises or excessive vibration from the outdoor unit, pooling water around the unit, or reduced airflow from the vents.

Another way to tell if ice build-up is damaging your heat pump is to check for leaks. If you see any water or refrigerant leaking from your heat pump, it could be a sign that the unit is damaged and needs to be repaired or replaced.

You can also listen for strange noises coming from the unit. If you hear hissing, popping, or other unusual sounds, it could be a sign that the unit is damaged and needs to be repaired or replaced.

Finally, you can also tell if ice accumulation is damaging your heat pump by monitoring your energy bills. If you notice a sudden increase in your energy usage, it could be a sign that the unit is not working as efficiently as it should and needs to be repaired or replaced.

What Causes Ice to Form On My Heat Pump?

Ice build-up is most likely to occur when the temperature outside is very cold and the humidity is high. While ice isn’t necessarily harmful to your heat pump, it can reduce its efficiency and cause it to work harder than necessary.  

There are several reasons why ice may start to build up on your heat pump, including:

  • Dirty coils – When the coils on your heat pump become dirty, they can’t effectively transfer heat. This causes the system to work harder, which can lead to the accumulation of ice.
  • Low refrigerant levels – If there’s not enough refrigerant in your system, this can cause ice to form on the coils.
  • Improper drainage – If water isn’t draining properly from your heat pump, it can freeze and turn into ice while still inside the system.
  • Restricted airflow – Airflow that has been restricted by leaves, dirt, or other debris can cause the system to overwork and result in ice formation.

Solutions to Prevent Ice Build-up

Ice accumulation is not only a nuisance, but it’s a danger to the longevity of your heat pump. Fortunately, there are several things you can do to prevent ice from building up on your equipment this winter:

  • Schedule regular maintenance – Having your heat pump serviced regularly by a professional will help keep it running smoothly and prevent issues like dirty coils or low refrigerant levels that can lead to ice build-up.
  • Check and adjust your settings – There are a few different settings that can impact how likely your heat pump is to develop ice build-up. These include the fan speed, defrost cycle, and temperature set point. If you notice that ice is starting to form on your heat pump, you may want to adjust one or more of these settings in order to reduce how much ice accumulates.
  • Upgrade your system – If you find that you are constantly having to deal with ice build-up on your heat pump, it may be time to upgrade to a newer model. Newer models are designed with features that help reduce the formation of ice, such as enhanced defrost cycles and improved air flow design.

When to Call a Heat Pump Professional

If you’re noticing ice build-up on your heat pump this winter, don’t hesitate to take action. By following these tips, you can prevent further damage and keep your system running smoothly all season long.

At New England Ductless, we take pride in providing high-quality heating and cooling services in Goshen, NY and surrounding areas. Contact us today to learn more about how a heat pump can revolutionize your home comfort or to book a time for one of our contractors to come to your location for a quote.

Call now by dialing 781-995-2665. Our dedicated team of HVAC professionals is available now to provide you with comprehensive assistance.